Any kind of industrial process or a manufacturing process produces waste. There are several kinds of waste, like industrial, clinical, electrical, scrap metal, electronics and vehicles that are no longer roadworthy. These products and items produce a lot of waste even after recycling. As a result, proper disposal of scrap and waste has gained a lot of importance over the last decade.
A lot of emphasis in modern times is being laid on scrap metal, as Malaysia generates substantial amounts of metallic waste.
Here are some top products that fall under the scrap metal waste disposal purview.
Vehicles that are too old and have outlived their usage are called end of life vehicles, or ELVs. Before the recycling industry became popular, these vehicles were just dumped in an empty piece of land. After the scrap metal recycling came into existence there is an efficient way to handle these ELVs. End of life vehicles are taken apart and every part is mostly recycled. The waste obtained after recycling are de-polluted and disposed in a non hazardous way. ELVs are typically the kind of vehicles which can no longer be donated to charities or sold in the secondary market. They just need to be discarded and disposed.
Electrical and electronic equipment
There are several large and small household appliances that are disposed every year. These include appliances, like televisions, refrigerators, microwaves, electrical tools, toys, watches, computers and other devices like cell phones.
A television contains 6 percent metal and 50 percent glass. Some other items, like microwaves, have more metal and less of glass. Recycling companies separate these parts and make them into reusable products. However, some of the integral parts found in these electrical devices cannot be recycled. Such components are sent to waste management repositories where they are further disintegrated. Then they are disposed in such a way that no harm is caused to the environment.
Aerosol cans are the top pollutants and also responsible for causing a lot of waste. An average person uses about 20 aerosol cans per year. Aerosol cans are mainly made up of an alloy that mixes steel and aluminum. When these products are recycled, they produce high quality aluminum and steel that can be reused.
The role of recycling companies in waste disposal
The role of a recycling company also comes under the umbrella of a waste disposal unit. A professional recycling company uses efficient waste disposal methods before and after recycling the scrap. After the scrap is obtained, a minimal amount of waste is obtained. This waste has to be efficiently managed in order to avoid contamination. The residue of recycled materials is extremely harmful for the environment. Careful disposal of these residues comes under the responsibility of waste management companies. The waste obtained from recycled materials is disintegrated and processed again to identify materials that can be recycled.
Recycling companies work hand in hand with waste disposal companies. They only supply material that can no longer be used by them. The waste management companies act as a secondary unit to the recycling companies. Waste management comes one step after recycling. In fact, recycling is considered as the primary method of waste disposal and management.